The essay considers the large and often scientifically important production registered in Italy in the field of historiography and publicistic issues in the period from the end of the first world war to the outbreak of the second world war. The interest in East-central Europe and Russian world had a rapid and great growth in Italy, as well as elsewhere in Western Europe, immediately after the end of the war 1914-18. A need of a better and deeper historical, economic and cultural knowledge about these countries goes together, in Italy, with the demands and pretensions to open new roads for an Italian economic and political influence in this area, become vacant after the contemporaneous fall of the Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman and Russian multinational Empires.
The essay reconstructs, step by step and country by country, the several kinds of information and the image that one had in Italy in the interwar period of many of these East-central European States, whose knowledge was poor and fragmentary before the first world war. Mostly analysed is the highly scientific action carried out in this field of studies by the Institute for Eastern Europe, established in 1921, and by its homonymous monthly review "L'Europa Orientale", unceasingly issued till summer 1943. The trend of the Italian foreign politics distinctly stands out of these studies published during a period of 20 years and so it is possible to see how Italy was deeply engaged in that time in attempting somehow to alter the results of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and the "Versailles system", turning them in favour of a wider Italian presence and influence in the Danube-Balkan area.