HUGO GROTIUS (Huig de Groot), a modern természetjogi felfogás és a modern politikai irodalom egyik megteremtője, aki a természet-jogon alapuló nemzetközi jog alapjait fektette le.
This paper defines the nature of China-Hungary relations, highlights recent developments in this bilateral relation and offers some policy recommendations for the Hungarian government explaining how it should improve and fine-tune its interactions with China in the future. Besides, it also examines China-Hungary relations in a broader EU-China context along with the challenges. The Hungarian and the EU perspective will drive and dominate the paper while attention will also be paid to the Chinese standpoint where it is relevant. Since Hungary joined the European Union in 2004 and later expressed its full commitment to the common foreign policy objectives of the European community implemented through the External Action Service and realized in the Lisbon Treaty, it is indispensable to have a look at Hungary’s role in this quickly evolving European supranational system of co-operation and the EU-China relations.
When I discuss China-Hungary relations, the Hungarian government and recent developments, I refer to the Orbán-government’s relations with China since 2011. Although the government itself is in office since 2010, I chose the 2011-2014 period for investigation since it was 2011 when the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary (today: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade) decided to introduce a new strategic document, entitled Hungary's Foreign Policy after the Hungarian Presidency of the Council of the European Union (2011) in which it laid down the innovative concept of ’global opening’ (an opening directed towards the East) aspiring to build up much closer connections to Asian countries, including China, than it was ever before. It is therefore expected that Hungary would proceed with a higher speed in its relations to China and take more impressive steps for breeding cooperation.
The government explains the reason for extending of its relations with Asian countries by the rapid process of globalization and the dynamic economic growth of the East-Asian region. As emphasized in its foreign policy document, the Hungarian government aims to enhance its representation in Asian countries while enforcing its own national interest and also contributing to the common EU objectives. In recent Hungary-China relations the main purpose of the Hungarian government seems to be the intensifying of cooperation by incorporating a strong cultural-educational element in order to achieve economic gains.